apple cultivation in himachal pradesh

The reason is a prolonged winter spell and lack of adequate rainfall when the apple crop was ripening between May and June. And as always the pictures were gorgeous! The most awaited apple season in the hill State of Himachal Pradesh has begun with the first lot of around 10 lakh cartons reaching various markets in the country. Oct 2013. Basically we have all lost our values !! Located in the temperate region of Himachal Pradesh, Kotgarh’s entire agricultural land was dominated by apple orchards till the nineties. The prices remained almost 25 to 30 per cent higher than last year's, depending upon the quality," Vinod Kumar, a prominent apple grower from Dadesh village in Kotgarh tehsil in upper Shimla, told IANS.  It fetched them good money and they prospered. But very few understand this. He was ridiculed and chased   away. ‘’ The demarcation ( of encroached land) is to be done by the Revenue Department before we do the evictions. Himachal Pradesh is the second largest apple producing state in India, right after Jammu and Kashmir. An apple orchards house in Shimla District, Himachal. Today, apple farming is by far the most economically viable option for farmers in Himachal. Favourable weather — an extended winter and good snowfall necessary to meet the minimum chill hours for the fruit-bearing trees to blossom — promised a bumper harvest. Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) [India], November 30 (ANI): Apple growers in Shimla have said that private apple procurement centres in the district are … Thanks, Nice work. Nearly 30 to 35 per cent of the produce is sold at Delhi’s Azadpur Mandi, while the rest gets transported directly to wholesale markets in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Lucknow, Jaipur and the Northeastern states. The Orchards are a home to a variety of exotic Himalayan Birds. This will result in overall decline in the total yield. Climate change, researchers say, is adversely impacting the production of important agricultural and horticultural crops in Indian Himalayan Region, especially those in the lowlands. Most of them now live in lavish farmhouses  in the middle of their orchards reminiscent  of   English countryside than a rural Indian setting. This time we packed the apples in 10 kg boxes and each box fetched around Rs 1,100," Kumar added. Apple is so far the most important fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh, which constitutes about 49 percent of the total area under fruit crops and about 85 per cent of the total fruit production. The ravages of Uttarakhand are perfect example of this. A total of 8,70,310 apple boxes have been sent to different markets of the country till August 8. So apple growers please wakeup and stop being selfish !!! "In the last season, a box of 22 kg was sold from Rs 1,500 to Rs 1,600.  ‘’Our banks  in Kairi had the highest deposits among any rural bank in India’’, says Shiv Prakash Bhimta ,a resident apple grower here. Shimla:Less than the optimum yield coupled with labour pangs amid the coronavirus pandemic and fungal attack -- for the second consecutive year -- in Himachal Pradesh this season turn out to be a blessing in disguise for apple cultivators who say the fruit's prices have remained at a sweet high in northern India. Himachal Pradesh is also known as the “ Apple State ” of India for its large-scale production of fruits and it is also a great benediction to the economy of the state. They began to live well;  wear better clothes, eat better food, built bigger houses and send their children to expensive boarding schools. In large areas in Shimla, the deficiency of rainfall goes up to 35-40 per cent," he said. The old village looked like this. Bhardwaj, a former Joint Director at the Y.S. He said the south Indian apple orchards — primarily in Karnataka — could produce 10 times more per hectare than Himachal Pradesh. ‘’Deforestation had changed the weather pattern in the region. Apple Harvest in Shimla District, Himachal The American was Samuel Stokes and when he first set foot in the hills of Himachal he was stuck by the similarity of weather here to the apple growing regions of America. But the Revenue Department did not have sufficient staff to do the demarcations.  Therefore we had to ask for extensions to carry out the evictions’’, Says R. K. Gupta  Principal Chief Conservator of Forests – Department of Forests. Apple harvest time in an orchard in Shimla District. Watch AP Telugu Farmer is Successful Cultivation Of Apples In Himachal Pradesh | New Waves Follow Us On : Subscribe : https://goo.gl/9fGJxb Twitter : https://goo.gl/zp3iJz Facebook : … In India, Apple is primarily cultivated in Jammu & Kashmir; Himachal Pradesh; hills of Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Apples alone constitute 89 per cent of the state's fruit economy of Rs 4,000 crore. Another outlandish fruit which is Kiwi, is now also seen in the orchards of Himachal. It is evident that temperature in apple growing regions of Himachal Pradesh showed increasing trends whereas precipitation showed decreasing trends. The hill state is one of India's major apple producing regions, with more than 90 per cent of the produce going to the domestic market. The Forest Department lays  the blame on the Revenue Department’s door. "Earlier, a number of traders from Gujarat and Maharashtra used to purchase apples directly from the farmers from their orchards. The average production is around 2.5 crore of boxes each year but may vary every year depending on the weather conditions. The apple production in Himachal Pradesh is around 4 crore boxes (one box is 20 kilograms) if the crop is good. I am very happy you posted this…always wondered, A very informative and insightful write up. Shimla district alone accounts for 80 per cent of the total apple production. Baghi- Ratnari Panchayat , not far from Kairi, has been graced with the title  too and continues to be a leading Panchayat with highest apple production. The apple growers no longer live in villages in  traditional  mud and wood houses. Apple cultivation in Himachal Pradesh has become the mainstay of over 1.7 lakh families in the state as the orchards now cover 1,09,533 hectares, around 49 …  The court had set the first deadline for June 19, 2011 to carry out the evictions but the state Forest Department  failed to honor this as well as all subsequent deadlines set for it.  They have also not been able to register the FIR’s against the encroachers. Apple is largely produced in the districts of Shimla, Kullu, Kinnaur, Mandi, Chamba, Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti. All rights reserved. Apple growers in Shimla have said that private apple procurement centres in the district are helping them earn more, as they do not have to deal with middlemen anymore. Trade insiders say this time the apples are largely undersized owing to weather fluctuations and bear jet back spots owing to the scab disease. The foremost food crop cultivated include “wheat, rice, maize, barley, ginger, seed-potato, vegetables, mushrooms hops, olives, fig, hops, and chicory seeds”. He came to India in 1902 and settled in a village in Himachal Pradesh. In India, it is mostly grown in Kashmir, hills of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh. Officials of the Horticulture Department said the harvesting of the crop from mid-hills of Shimla, Kullu and Mandi districts is at its peak. S Parmar University of Horticultural and Forestry in Shimla. He even changed his name to a Himachali one and became a regular Pahari. HP. According to Bhardwaj, poor crop management is mainly responsible for the spread of the disease. I hope the concerned people read and pay heed to the apple cause. I knew about Stokes, and his contribution to prosperity in Himachal, from my trip to Thanedar but didn’t know about the downside of the growth of apple orchards. He changed his name to Satyanand Stokes, married a local girl and settled in Kotgarh. Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. A glade in a deodar forest. Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) , November 30: Apple growers in Shimla have said that private apple procurement centres in the district are helping them earn more, as they do not have to … Today, apple farming is by far the most economically viable option for farmers in Himachal. This time they are missing owing to coronavirus and the farmers are taking their crop mostly to Delhi," he said. Therefore there is a dire need for people like us to build awareness about environmental issues among the orchardists and show how its going to impact our future. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry in Nauni say incidents of scab disease have been reported from some areas of Kullu, Mandi and Shimla districts. He bought a plot of land in Kotgarh village, in Shimla district and planted apple saplings he had  got with him from America. The State, despite undergoing an enc Map highlights major Apple producing states in India like Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal and Arunachal Pradesh. Thanks Sanjay for this arcticle. In a matter of few decades everyone in Himachal at an altitude of 1500meters and above  began to plant apple trees and reap the benefits. Apple cultivation was introduced in Himachal Pradesh by an American missionary, Samuel Evan Stokes in 1916. You agree to our use of cookies by continuing to use our site. The rag-to-riches trajectory of the apple farming has had the orchardists encroach  the forests. Himachal. Over the years, Himachal Pradesh farmers have come to understand that growing apples faced more and more problems. Variegated Laughingthrush. Golden Apples have no market and are grown only for pollination, Himachal Pradesh. India: A Nation of Newspaper Readers. Apples?”, they told him. The temperature trends in apple growing regions of Kullu and Shimla indicated 1.8 to 4.1 0C rise in past two decades which reflected in decrease of chill units (CU) hours accumulations. Grapes – Nashik. I don’t think anyone in these areas is thinking ahead… They can’t cos they are so blinded by the present. During this period the crop requires rains and high moisture. But he got converted himself. The apple harvesting season in the state is from July to October, depending upon the plant variety. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Experts at the Dr Y.S. Loading a truck  with apple boxes, Shimla District. However like most gold-rush  bonanzas the apple story   also has a downside. Grading for size, color and quality in a warehouse in Shimla District, Himachal. © 2020 Hyderabad Media House Limited/The Hans India. The state has planned to organize this Apple festival for fostering tourism activities in Himachal Pradesh and awakening the tourism collaborators. The rainfall is erratic and  hailstorms  are more frequent now than ever”, says Dr. Inder Mohan a scientist at DR. Y.P. Nashik district is known as the grape capital of India,Nestling at the feet of the … Himachal Pradesh’s apple economy is worth nearly Rs 4,000 crore.  For a good yield the apple plant should have at least 1000 chilling hours in winters. A large consignment went to the wholesale market in Delhi where they got handsome prices. Apple Harvest in Shimla District, Himachal. This means the country’s apple production … Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, told IANS the apple crop largely remained undersized owing to deficit and erratic monsoon rains. Kairi Panchayat here in Shimla District, once had the  highest per-capita income among all  villages in the country. But if the encroachments into the forests don’t stop, it will only be a matter of time before they kill the golden goose that laid the golden eggs. In some areas the scab disease, caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis, makes the fruit impaired, tasteless and undersize. He said for the first time most of the growers are marketing the apples by packaging them in small boxes of 10 kg. But because of deforestation it is snowing less and less each year. The apple orchardists have so far had a good run. Many exotic fruits like apple, pears, peaches, cherries, apricots, almonds, plums, pomegranate, strawberries etc are cultivated here. (Last year, the state produced less than … Apple orchards in Himachal Pradesh [Photo/ANI]. Area under apple has increased from 400 hectares in 1950-51 to 3,025 hectares in 1960-61 and 1,11,896 hectares in 2016-17. Lovely Photographs and a great article. In general, about 100 apple trees are planted in a bigha; with the new high density varieties being introduced, 200 to 250 trees can be planted in one bigha. They lived simple self-sustained lives depending on  livestock,   and agriculture. Download free map. This is the bottomline. Mohan ji.. true he came to convert.  Seeing their success,  others in Kotgarh began to plant  apple trees too and the village  as a whole began to prosper. Every apple orchardist should be concerned about it’’, says Digvijay Singh Chauhan, President of the Samiti. Apple expert S.P. That’s what has to be taught… God knows who is going to do it !? As per estimates of the state Horticulture Department, the state is likely to produce 30 million boxes of apples this season -- approximately five-six lakh tonnes -- and this is 25-30 per cent less than last year's record harvest. 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