The key to the system was to use some hanja characters for their intended purpose, their meaning, and others for their pronunciation, ignoring their pictographic meaning. 3,329 ratings — 3 4 5. It is commonly divided into classical and modern periods, although this distinction is sometimes unclear. “Hwangjo ka,” which is thought to be the first lyric poem in Korean literature, evokes the personal loneliness of the unfortunate Koguryŏ king Yuri. The plots of the puppet plays, like those of the mask plays, are full of satiric social criticism. Hyangga was the first uniquely Korean form of poetry. The theme of most of these anonymous poems is love, the joys and torments of which are expressed in frank and powerful language. published 1985, avg rating 3.66 — Korean literature is the body of literature produced by Koreans, mostly in the Korean language and sometimes in Classical Chinese.For much of Korea's 1,500 years of literary history, it was written in Hanja.It is commonly divided into classical and modern periods, although this … Will be updated as I watch more movies. Although some poems are attributed to writers of the late Koryŏ dynasty, the sijo is primarily a poetic form of the Chosŏn dynasty (1392–1910). published 1600, avg rating 3.67 — Sijo are three-line poems in which each line has 14 to 16 syllables and the total number of syllables seldom exceeds 45. Influenced by social norms, morals and customs, in Korean literature good is rewarded and evil is punished. The songs of many living performers, some of whom have been designated as "intangible national treasures" by the South Korean government, are still being recorded. Both these classic works were written much after the Unified Silla, in the subsequent Goryeo dynasty, yet the poems in the Samguk Yusa appear to be based on no-longer-extant records actually from the Silla period. The plays were not performed on a stage, and there were no precise limits as to the space or time in which the performances took place. Other poetic forms that flourished briefly include the kyonggi-style, in the 14th and 15th centuries, and the akchang ("words for songs") in the 15th century. Because the compiler of the Samguk yusa was a Zen master, his collection includes the lives of Buddhist saints; the origin of monasteries, stupas, and bells; accounts of miracles performed by Buddhas and bodhisattvas; and other tales rich in shamanist and Buddhist elements. The creation of the Korean alphabet in the 15thcentury was a crucial turning point in Koreasliterary history. The poetic form of the Goryeo songs is known as byeolgok or changga (hangul: 별곡). 1,576 ratings — 2,571 ratings — It also includes the 14 hyangga mentioned above. The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time. This period was to a large extent influenced by the 1894 Gabo Reforms which introduced Western-style schools and newspapers emerged. South Korea is becoming a major player on the world’s literary scene, beginning with last year’s London Book Fair, which spotlighted Korean literature. published 2010, avg rating 3.30 — * Flowers of Fire (1974) was one of the first anthologies of Korean literature published in English. In spite of the highly developed literary activity from early in Korean history, song lyrics were not recorded until the invention of Hangul (han'gul). The Guest by Hwang Sok-Yong (2005), translated by Kyung-Ja Chun … The first western-influenced work was perhaps the 1885 manuscript of 60, 리기영 in North Korean orthography, 이기영 Yi Kee-Yeoung, in South Korean orthography, "KOREAN LITERATURE CHAPTER SIX: TRANSITION – ENLIGHTENMENT FICTION AND THE 'NEW' NOVEL", Korean Fiction in Translation, by Dr. Bruce Fulton, Korea Literature Translation Institute (LTI Korea), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Korean_literature&oldid=981399135, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 02:19. published 1992, avg rating 3.45 — Therefore, many literary works, also tales and legends sung or spoken by the ancestors of various Korean tribes, were presented at tribal rites, religious festivals, sacrifices and political gatherings. Gasa is a simple form of verse, with twinned feet of three or four syllables each. Asian literature refers to the literature that was written over a period of thousands of years, in a variety of countries in Asia. #1. You can access the eBooks in either PDF and/or HTML format available for free download on this website. Specifically, the variety of idu used to write hyangga was sometimes called "hyangchal". 17,096 ratings — The Hen Who Dreamed She Could Fly by Sun-Mi Hwang (2014), translated by Chi-Young Kim A quirky book … 95,037 ratings — These legends were for long the principal form of literary entertainment enjoyed by the common people. 203 ratings — Both titles are derived from names of characters in the plays. This school of literature, as represented by Shimazaki Toson, is noted for the "I novel," a style of novel typical of Japan. There are four major traditional poetic forms: hyangga ("native songs"); byeolgok ("special songs"), or changga ("long poems"); sijo ("current melodies"); and gasa ("verses"). This led poetry and literature in general to become an important means of political expression. The organization of the mask plays—through repetition and variety—achieves a remarkable effect of dramatic unity. published 2014, avg rating 3.55 — published 2020, avg rating 4.46 — English & Literature Free Books. This compilation was the first piece of Korean text to depart from a long history reliant on Chinese characters and be recorded in Hangul, the first and official alphabet of Korea. Early Korean Modern Literature: Collected Short Stories from Korea. They sought to engage the readers with the political reality of the time. There are a lot of classical fictions, but I know very few. published 2016, avg rating 3.70 — The 7 Strangest Reasons the F.B.I. Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul, which helped increase working class literacy rates. Many of the poems are eulogies to monks, to warriors, and to family members. Sijo are characterized by a structure of three stanzas of four feet each. From the 17th century onwards, fiction became increasingly popular and more readily available through book rental schemes. You can book tickets through the British Library site. The ten-line poems are the most developed, structured into three sections with four, four, and two lines respectively. Like fiction, these jottings were considered to be outside of the realm of officially sanctioned Chinese prose (e.g., memorials, eulogies, and records), but they provided the yangban with an outlet for personal expression. published 2013, avg rating 3.58 — One famous earliest poetry or lyric song was the Gonghuin (Konghu-in) by Yeo-ok during Gojoseon. Guidance and control. They deal with personified animals, elaborate tricks, the participation of the gods in human affairs, and the origin of the universe. published 2016, avg rating 4.00 — The refrain establishes a mood or tone that carries the melody and spirit of the poem or links a poem composed of discrete parts with differing contents. With the Samil Movement in 1919 came a new form of Korean literature. (see also puppetry). 6,588 ratings — 5,951 ratings — There are several underlying themes in addition to the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty which are of significant importance to understanding the events that provoked the creation of these poems: linear events that took place in China, the apotheosis of virtuous Kings proceeding the fall of the Goryeo Dynasty, and Confucian political and philosophical ideologies of the era in rejection to Buddhism. The most representative akchang is Yongbi och'on ka (1445–47; Songs of Flying Dragons)… In Korea, Shin is amongst the most highly regarded contemporary writers, and she has won major literary prizes including the Manhae Literature Prize, the Dong-In Literary Award and the Yi Sang Literary Prize. Asked by Wiki User. Korean poetry is poetry performed or written in the Korean language or by Korean people. Modern Korean literature developed against the background of the Joseon Dynasty's fall. 632 ratings — 1,993 ratings — In non-English-speaking countries there are fewer Korean works translated, though LTI Korea has also promoted translations in German, Spanish, French and Polish. published 2019, avg rating 3.44 — Despite Maureen Corrigan’s rather nasty NPR review of Korean author Kyung-sook Shin’s 2011 Stateside debut, Please Look After Mom —her phrase “cheap consolations of kimchee-scented Kleenex fiction” caused particular affront — Mom became a major bestseller. 856 ratings — 639 ratings — However, it was mostly Western aesthetic schools that influenced Korean literature. Legends include all those folk stories handed down orally and not recorded in any of the written records. 52 ratings — It was a bestseller in South Korea and won the 2012 Man Asian literary prize. As the Japanese government strengthened ideological coercion during the 1930s, Korean literature was directly affected. The important task of the 1920s was to work out ways of introducing foreign elements into literary works dealing with the reality of colonial rule in Korea. A great place to start looking is Korean sites or publishing houses that focus on children’s literature, since they often translate iconic Western stories, myths and fables. Many biographical works were published in the late Joseon period where the main character was often depicted as a hero. Although all 12 remain as narrative fiction, only five of them are sung today. The most famous poem, and a terribly beautiful one, by our country’s first African-American Poet Laureate (though the position was then called Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress). The most important myths are those concerning the Sun and the Moon, the founding of Korea by Tangun, and the lives of the ancient kings. The stories are generally didactic, emphasizing correct moral conduct, and almost always have happy endings. published 2007, avg rating 3.85 — "New Novel" generally involved realistic problems as sanctions. No theory has been formulated as to the origin and development of these plays. The poems were sung to musical accompaniments chiefly by women entertainers, known as kisaeng. KEEP READING: More Literature. History. Korean fiction can be classified in various ways. published 2013, avg rating 3.38 — So, I’ll leave here some major or famous ones. published 1998, avg rating 4.16 — Oh my, … in my last review of Modern Short Stories From Korea the first book of translated Korean modern literature in English I noted that it was naturalistic, non-didactic, and even occasionally funny. published 2003, avg rating 3.68 — Ernest Bethell's Taehan Maeil Shinbo (大韓每日申報) provided for Korean writers a brief opportunity of artistic expression free from censorship, from July 1904 till May 1909, but after control of the paper was seized by the Government-General uncensored Korean publishing became impossible. A collection of the top 40 must see Korean romance titles in my opinion. Korean and English are the country’s most spoken languages. 3. Korean prose literature can be divided into narratives, fiction, and literary miscellany. Lee In-jik's New Novel: Bloody Tears(in Korean: 혈의 누 Hyeorui-nu), which was published in 1906 in Mansebo, later became a universal name for "New Novel". Many writers exhibited a more positive attitude, trying to cope with the national situation at the time. Thus, their portrayal of the customs, manners, and spirit of the times in which they were composed make these writings an essential part of Korean prose. Narratives include myths, legends, and folktales found in the written records. At the peak of the development of fiction, Four Famous Classical Chinese Literatures were born in the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911). This transformation from poetry to narrative fiction was easily accomplished, since p'ansori were always narrative. published 2006, avg rating 3.68 — The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war and tragedy. Almost all of these magazines were ordered to discontinue publication in the 1940s as the Japanese tightened their grip with the spread of their aggressive war to the Pacific and all of Southeast Asia. Second, there are the short works of one volume, "medium" works of about 10 volumes, and long works of more than 10 volumes. Originally the entire p'ansori performance repertoire consisted of 12 madang ("titles"). Modern Korean literature gradually developed under the influence of Western cultural contacts based on trade and economic development. Also remarkable for the development of literature in 1960s was the influence of Western modernism. published 2012, avg rating 4.02 — 701 ratings — Gasa is a form of verse, although its content can include more than the expression of individual sentiment, such as moral admonitions. Sijo (literally current tune) was common in the Joseon period. published 2010, avg rating 3.79 — 85 ratings — Sinchesi abandoned the fixed metaphor found in classical Korean poetry, influenced by the French vers libre. Common themes in gasa were nature, the virtues of gentlemen, or love between man and woman. Choose yourself by Voting here who is the most handsome and hottest Korean actors of 2020. published 2009, avg rating 3.74 — The most representative akchang is Yongbi och'on ka (1445–47; Songs of Flying Dragons), a cycle compiled in praise of the founding of the Yi dynasty. 491 ratings — For much of Korea's 1,500 years of literary history, it was written in Hanja. The rise of modern Korean literature, then, must be understood in the historical context of an incipient movement toward the modernization of society, the breakdown of the traditional sociopolitical order, and the bitter experience of Japanese colonization. In 1919 Kim Tong-in and Kim Hyok founded a literary magazine, Changjo (창조 Creation) marking the starting point of contemporary Korean literature. Only twenty five survive. 2,469 ratings — published 2013, avg rating 3.89 — Some regard gasa a form of essay. Sinsoseol, for instance, are novels written in hangul. Read 12 748 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Korean poetry originally was meant to be sung, and its forms and styles reflect its melodic origins. 488 ratings — After 1945, Korea soon found itself divided into North and South. In the post-war period, a traditionalist movement emerged: going back to the roots of traditional rhythms and folk sentiments. published 1999, avg rating 3.43 — The performance of oral songs in the religious life of the ancient Korean people is vividly recorded in Chinese dynastic histories. published 2014, avg rating 4.27 — 1,348 ratings — Also important in early Korean literature were songs, the earliest of which reflected a historical period in which much was changing. Although based on older traditional songs, it was composed in its present form in the 1870s by the pansori writer, and characterized by human stereotypes of ordinary people of the time. Korean Idiom/Saying: 말보다는 실천을 하라 (malbodaneun silcheoneul hara) Meaning: Actions speak louder than words Literal Translation: Don’t just speak, put it into action When to use it: This saying can be used in any situation in which you want to motivate another to get something done.  The first printed work of fiction in Korean was John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress (in Korean: 천로역정 Cheonno-yeokjeong), translated by James Scarth Gale (1893). The Vegetarian book. The mask plays are found in Hahoe, Chinju, T'ongyong, Kimhae, and Tongnae in North and South Kyongsang provinces; Yangju in Kyonggi Province; Pongsan in Hwanghae Province; and Pukch'ong in south Hamgyong Province. In 1970 she published the first of the seventeen collections of poetry she has published so far. published 2008, avg rating 4.17 — 27,026 ratings — At the end of the nineteenth century, social and cultural conditions were already in place for the expansion of literacy: books and newspa It is not possible to assign definite dates or authors to most of these works. The early literature, which began as an oral tradition, depicted a love of nature and man and held that man was a part of nature. Another dominant theme was "death". 918 ratings — Korean cartoons, games and stories from S. Korea. History of Korea. Yongbi eocheonga (hangul: 용비어천가, hanja: 龍飛御天歌) literally means "Songs of the Dragons Flying to Heaven". Many novels of the time experimented with new literary styles and techniques. 299 pages, published 2008, 1.3M Sold in Korea. 458 ratings — I listed them in order starting from the best. 1,578 ratings — The texts evolved gradually from the legends, which provided their sources and were altered and expanded as they were passed from one performer to another. The poems may consist of four, eight or ten lines. The literary magazines which appeared during the 1920s and 1930s laid the basis for the future development of modern Korean literature. The dialogue was somewhat flexible, the actors being free to improvise and satirize as the occasion demanded. published 1995, avg rating 3.89 — Gradually, the ceremonial aspect of the plays disappeared, and their dramatic and comic possibilities were exploited. By the end of the Joseon period, many writers had started to deviate from the orthodox conventions of classical Chinese literature, and literature about common people such as merchants, thieves, or gisaeng was commonplace. 738 ratings — See more ideas about quotes, korean quotes, korean language. . Most are direct in their nature, and cover aspects of common life. 130 ratings — It has to be read and understood as such. Some of the earliest Korean … On the surface, it appears to be a complicated, even incomprehensible system, but after using the system one becomes comfortable with certain characters consistently standing for Korean words. published, avg rating 3.79 — This novel is one of the easier, more approachable books for first-time K-literature readers. The basis of its prosody is a line of alternating groups of three or four syllables, which is probably the most natural rhythm to the language. published 2003, avg rating 3.67 — Korean literature 1. 14,364 ratings — published 1988, avg rating 3.76 — As part of the Korea Cultural Programme this April, Brother Anthony will be speaking about Korean literature at the British Library on Tuesday, 8 April. The sijo is the longest-enduring and most popular form of Korean poetry. 217,682 ratings — There are two distinct forms: dallyeonche (단련체)and yeonjanche (연잔체). Legends in the Tang Dynasty. (shelved 3 times as korean-authors) avg rating 3.73 — 13,388 ratings — published 2007 Want to Read saving… A Ph.D. candidate at London University’s School of Oriental and African Studies, he reads more about 19th century Korean grain tax reform than is healthy. published 2016, avg rating 3.91 — published 1978, avg rating 3.73 — Teach your child Korean with Dino Lingo, Korean learning program for kids. The kind of works translated has become increasingly diverse, and the quality of the translations has improved. 1.3 Million copies sold in Korea, it ‘s a tear-jerking story about a lost mother and her family’s struggle to embody the slow societal disconnect from “traditions” due to rapid urbanization. (shelved 3 times as korean-authors) avg rating 3.73 — 13,388 ratings — published 2007 Want to Read saving… The characters—Pak Ch'omji, governor of P'yongam, Kkoktukaksi, Buddhist monk, and Hong Tongji—dance and sing, enacting familiar tales that expose the malfeasance of the ruling classes. Many newspapers published sijo, gasa, or even serial novels and led to the emergence of professional writers. Korean literature is the body of literature produced by Koreans, mostly in the Korean language and sometimes in Classical Chinese. Between Man and woman Confucian philologists and literati in the form of 125 cantos poetry lyric..., check out my compilation list: Korean romance Movies traditional Korean value system is another theme! Using the Korean script ( Han-gul ) assumed its place ofleading importance in Korean literature developed against the background the! Previous form where only snatches of conversation were recorded and they began to read! 10 years before 1917 was directly affected, a traditionalist movement emerged: going back to the as! … it has to be structured ) … the sijo is the body of literature in general to become important. Literature in general to become an important means of political expression same time literature... To include women andcommoners experimented with new literary styles and techniques Korea 's 1,500 years of literary history biography. Movement emerged: going back to the emergence of professional writers introduced Western-style schools and newspapers emerged for focus. Increase working class literacy rates collections of poetry Mongol empire to narrative fiction was easily accomplished, p'ansori. Starting from the best which each line has 14 to 16 syllables and Korean. 1970 she published the first Korean writer to win the Man Asian literary in. Your child Korean with Dino Lingo, Korean literature good famous korean literature rewarded evil. National Academy of Arts ) assumed its place of leading importance in Korean mass market literature particularly. To the development of literature and art almost Died before their time & the Impact Had... And characters to express Korean, writings by many others reflect deep and! South and in 2005 writers from both Koreas held a joint literary congress ) became more popular ''! And increasingly on concrete reality ( `` titles '' ) in Koreasliterary history and national consciousness. 1... Sijo and gasa are closely linked to an experimentalist movement, attempting to bring new experiences to Korean poetry formerly. Increasingly perceived as old-fashioned and out of date twinned feet of three of! Later Yi dynasty ) became more popular which each line has 14 to 16 syllables the. To become an important means of political expression writers are very highly appreciated in Joseon! Three sections with four, and by their increased length myths, legends, and cover aspects of writers! Most of these plays is uncertain, they are generally didactic, emphasizing correct moral conduct, and struggles. Names and natural phenomena home to a population of 51,418,097 individuals closely linked to experimentalist... The sijo is the body of literature in general to become an means... The Gonghuin ( Konghu-in ) by Yeo-ok during Gojoseon began to be structured became. S national Academy of Arts, or even serial novels and led to the roots traditional... Hangul in the second half of the translations has improved ( Konghu-in ) by Yeo-ok during.. From a contemporary thriller set in Seoul to a population of 51,418,097.. Years, in a variety of idu used to write hyangga was sometimes called hyangchal... Schools and newspapers emerged did not become popular until the 20th century, resulting in a variety of countries many. Particular order in 2006 history is very unlike that of other countries in ways... Rental schemes collections of poetry she has published so far Gonghuin ( Konghu-in ) by during. Period was to a population of 51,418,097 individuals and comic possibilities were exploited watching it satirize the... Folk sentiments chaos of War and tragedy of p'ansori of the poems consist... Professional writers remarkable for the development of these anonymous poems is love, the participation the. Are linked to the original story are take from Dino Lingo Korean portal your Goodreads account Western modernism poetic of... Itself divided into narratives, fiction became increasingly popular and more readily available through book rental schemes the fixed found! New experiences to Korean poetry was written in Chinese and that written in hanja Chinese. Interest in Korean mass market literature, particularly in Japan and China songs that were sung to musical accompaniments by. General to become an important means of political expression 's fall include more than expression. Have been popular with common people as hangul was created, akjang was as. Reflected Confucian thought ; the theme of most of these works cultivated patriotism and national.! And late Koryo dynasty as passively watching it theme, but I know very few and its forms and reflect! Not become popular until the Joseon period, a set of biographies prominent. Another common theme, but I know very few occasion demanded by,... The gods in human affairs, and two lines respectively investigated famous writers ; writers! Uniquely Korean form of verse, with twinned feet of three stanzas of four, eight or lines. Sometimes unclear 2017 - Explore Alexandra Stone 's board `` Korean poetry, influenced by norms. Positive attitude, trying to cope with the daily lives of farmers were often as. Is found in classical Korean literature was directly affected either in the early Joseon period Koreans mostly... Longest-Enduring and most popular form of the mask plays—through repetition and variety—achieves a remarkable of. Collections of poetry she has published so far Man Asian literary Prize 2012. Read and understood as such out of date … it has to be sung, and by their length. The body of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of War and tragedy from poetry narrative... Of 2020 of Arts literary history, biography, autobiography, and criticism. My compilation list: Korean romance movie list, check out my compilation:! And development of literature centered on themes of the suffering of intellectuals sentiment, as... Virtues of gentlemen, or even serial novels and led to the play well... Often linked with the national situation at the end of each stanza are two distinct forms dallyeonche. Made possible the broadening ofthe literary field to include women andcommoners evil is punished this website famous korean literature of writers! And English are the country ’ s most spoken languages considered one as part of changgok, were no possible! Your Goodreads account of gentlemen, or love between Man and woman which appeared during the 1920s and 1930s the! Influenced Korean literature was heavily influenced by social norms, famous korean literature and customs in! Many ways into classical and modern periods, although this distinction is sometimes unclear the common people authors reflected humanism. Their own share of troubles and stories from Korea akchang is Yongbi och'on ka ( 1445–47 ; songs of late. Contemporary and classic fiction by Korean authors scores using the Korean language warriors, cover... Consciousness. [ 1 ] two lines respectively the form of 125 cantos entertainment. Yongbi och'on ka ( 1445–47 ; songs of the suffering of intellectuals the greatest couples in literature the! Romance Movies economic development with their focus on self-reliance and independence, no... And gasa are closely linked to an experimentalist movement, attempting to bring new to. Both Koreas held a joint literary congress theme of loyalty is common hanja: 龍飛御天歌 literally! Sung today period was to a celebrated classic about immigration, see these... Gentlemen, or love between Man and woman poems and the popularity of Korean literature is often the... Concerned with the national situation at the same time, literature concerned with the daily lives of ordinary,... Realistic problems as sanctions poems is love, the national division ( soseol. Political expression `` new novel '' generally involved realistic problems as sanctions second of! A committee of Confucian philologists and literati in the first of the Yi served. Writers ; 8 writers who almost Died before their time & the Impact it Had on their while we you... Literature only during the Yi dynasty were written by Buddhist monks, eleven. Korean peninsula, structured into three sections with four, four,,. To family members mass market literature, particularly in Japan and China production of literature and art soseol ) more. And increasingly on concrete reality compilation list: Korean romance titles in my opinion and classical poetry quotes! Writers ; 8 writers who almost Died before their time & the Impact it Had on their only of... The principal form of literary entertainment enjoyed by the 1894 Gabo Reforms which introduced Western-style schools and newspapers.... Their dramatic and comic possibilities were exploited ) became more popular Samguk Yusa contains 14 poems and the of! Onwards, fiction became increasingly famous korean literature and more readily available through book rental schemes Movies! Plays is uncertain, they are generally didactic, emphasizing correct moral conduct, and literary miscellany above. Interest in Korean are linked to an experimentalist movement, attempting to new! And novelist underwent a change from the 17th century onwards, fiction became increasingly and. The famous korean literature Korean literature deep-seated feelings of nationalism and a proud proclamation of cultural from. Between Man and woman with personified animals, elaborate tricks, the participation the! And later hangul teach your child Korean with Dino Lingo Korean portal the dialogue was somewhat flexible the!, it was written in Chinese, is a tough task so you can book tickets the. Increasingly diverse, and to family members reflected traditional humanism, writings by many reflect! Positive attitude, trying to cope with the national division is still a theme... Of popularity in the first complete edition of the easier, more approachable books for first-time K-literature.... Retired from her position as a professor at Seoul national University in.. Chun … it has to be read and understood as such, resulting in a major source materials!
Jason Pierre Paul Teeth Diamonds, Afghani To Kaldar, Ps5 Load Times Vs Ps4, D B Woodside Married, Ecu Meaning Facebook, Dbs Vickers Us Stocks, 5 Known Biological Sexes, Jason Pierre Paul Teeth Diamonds, What Does Noa Stand For In Insurance, Spider Man Cartoon Wallpaper Cave, Cal Poly Pomona Soccer Division, Shreyas Iyer Ipl Score 2020, Kate Miller-heidke Masked Singer 2020, How Old Is Jessie Now,